Last night I was making some space on my shelves for a couple of books on PHP and MySQL that I’d got back from my friend Mike when I came across this book: Rapid Math Tricks and Tips: 30 Days to Number Power by Edward H. Julius (Wiley, 1992) ISBN 0-471-57563-1.
I’ve always loved maths; maybe something to do with Dad having been a draughtsman and electrical engineer. At high school the only Certificate of Sixth Year Studies (CSYS) I took was in Maths, Paper II: Calculus. I really wish that I’d had this book while I was at school. It’s brilliant!
The book is a 30-day self-teaching guide designed to help you master common maths problems without a calculator. It uses tips and techniques to teach the basics of multiplication, division, subtraction and addition as well as estimation and more advanced techniques.
Last night I learned in less than five minutes how to “Rapidly multiply any one- or two-digit number by 99 (or 0.99, 0.0, 990, etc.)”. Here’s how:
- Subtract 1 from the number to obtain the left-hand portion of the answer
- Then subtract the number from 100 to obtain the right-hand portion
For example, 15 x 99:
- Subtract: 15 – 1 = 14 (left-hand portion of the answer)
- Subtract: 100 – 15 = 85 (right-hand portion of the answer)
- Combine: 1,485 is the answer
Another example, 430 x 0.99:
- Disregard the zero and decimal point, and subtract: 43 – 1 – 42 (left-hand portion of the answer)
- Subtract: 100 – 43 = 57 (right-hand portion of the answer)
- Combine: 4,257 (intermediary product)
- Apply Test of Reasonableness: 0.99 is almost 1, so 430 x 0.99 must equal just under 430. Insert a decimal point within the intermediary product to obtain the answer, 425.7.
How cool is that!